Glosario

a | b | c | d | e | f | g | h | i | j | k | l | m | n | ñ | o | p | q | r | s | t | u | v | w | x | y | z


Wrap
rocky Outdoor Training
Anthropomorphic
figure in human form.
Anthropology
science that deals with the biological aspects of man and his behavior as a member of society.


Bronze Age
period extending roughly from the second millennium BC The use of metals, in particular brass, a reality among European peoples is made.


Calco
Procedure to make an exact copy of drawings and figures in other media for study.
Quaternary Period
most recent of the Cenozoic era (last of the five major geological eras) Time. The Quaternary is divided into Pleistocene, including glacial periods, and postglacial period, also called the Holocene, the current period.


Epipaleolítico
phase of prehistory at the beginning of the Holocene, between the Paleolithic and Neolithic. The Epipaleolítico usually refers (unlike the Mesolithic, with which it is sometimes confused) to the continuation of systems of hunter-gatherers in the post - glacial period, whose industries would be similar to those of their predecessors the end of the Paleolithic, in the initial stages, diversifying regionally until the arrival of the Neolithic. (V.tb.Mesolítico)
Espeleoarqueologia
New subdiscipline of archeology that deals with the study of archaeological remains deposited dens, that is, in natural underground formations such as caves, caverns, caves, etc.
Schematics, Art
Stage artistic belonging fully to the Age of Metals and extended abundantly throughout the Iberian Peninsula in open shelters. Is characterized by abstraction of its representations.
Ethnography
The branch of anthropology that deals with the description and analysis of human groups considered in its particularity, to achieve a general knowledge of the variants of culture.
Excavation
Activity for discovering those remains buried in archaeological sites.


Geometric, Art
Art whose decorative and ornamental elements consist of mainly geometric motifs.


Iron Age
period between IX and III centuries BC, characterized, among other things, for the use and distribution of metal that gives it its name.


Lithic
set of utensils and tools made ​​of stone during prehistoric times. In the Paleolithic mainly by carving techniques (knives, chisels ...) and introducing the polished Neolithic (mills, axes ...)


Levantine Art
Cultural Horizon Rock Art which is named to be distributed throughout the Mediterranean coast of the Iberian Peninsula. They are paintings that are always in rock shelters wide, made ​​with mineral pigments in red and in a flat and listed technique ink. Zoomorphic representations abound and human figures treated naturalistically. His chronology would be situated between 6,000 and 4,500 BC
Linear, Art
pictorial manifestations which significantly predominates the drawing and contours on the color.


Macroesquemático, Art
This horizon is present exclusively in the province of Alicante and is characterized by the presence, in shallow rock shelters, a very significant treatment of the human figure as well as the proliferation of geometric motifs.
The chronology is similar if not parallel, to the Levantine art, identifying with the first communities of farmers in this area of the Spanish Levante.
Megalitismo
As megalithic art to monuments consisting of large and rough - hewn stones, pricked alone or in combination is recognized for form a structure, built well for religious purposes well as burial sites or memorials of prominent events. The Western Europe belong to the Neolithic and the Bronze Age.
Mesolithic
period between the Paleolithic and Neolithic. The term was created in response to the need for observation of cultures and occurred transformations between the two great periods of Prehistory.
Furniture or Mobiliar, Art
Are named those artistic expressions performed on various objects that give rise to sculptures, carvings, etchings , etc. Along with the rock art, it is the other form of expression of prehistoric art.


Neolithic
period of prehistory that is approximately between 6,000 and 2,000 BC, although these figures are very relative because they depend on the geographic area. It is a real revolution for humanity. Born agriculture, livestock and man becomes sedentary. All this is coupled with a remarkable technical progress.


Prayerful
feature position numerous Neolithic anthropomorphic figures paintings appear with arms raised reminding the typical posture of prayer.


Palaeolithic
is the oldest of the prehistoric period. It is divided into Lower (until about 125,000 years ago), Medium (125,000 to 40,000 years) and Superior (40,000 to 10,000 years). This final stage marks the emergence of Homo Sapiens and its final dominion over the Earth. The rock art belonging to the late stages of the Upper Paleolithic, are characterized by the animalistic representations and strong combination with the environment that shelters them .
Parietal, Art
is called and the rock art is supported on the walls of caves or coats on the rocks. Includes representations of various types; bas - reliefs, engravings, paintings
Petroglyph
Representation recorded made ​​on stone or rock.
Pictograph
Ideogram, conventional image or symbol signifying a being or an idea.


Rock, Art
It is named the kind of pictorial manifestations which are located in walls of caves, rock shelters and, more sporadically, outdoors. Parietal Art is also called.


Venus
figurine prehistoric female small dimensions made ​​of stone, bone or ivory symbolizing fertility. Typical example is the Venus of Willendorf (c. 25,000 to 20,000 BC) found in Austria in 1908.


Oilfield
place in which the material remains have been preserved fruit and testimony of human activity.


Zoomorphic
figure with animal form.

Related sites


Petroglyph pictograph to distinguish? Easy, click here

Encarta Encyclopedia (English)